Yogyakarta and its surrounding areas are famous for its cultural attractions from the past. One of them is Yogyakarta Temples. Two famous temples of Yogyakarta are Borobudur and Prambanan. These two temples have been discussed in previous articles. Here is a glance about the other temples of Yogyakarta.
Mendut Temple, is located 3 km east of Borobudur. Mendut is a Buddhist temple built in 824 AD by King Indera of Syailendra dynasty. In Mendut Temple there are 3 large statue:
1. Cakyamuni who was sitting cross-legged with hands turning the wheel of dharma.
2. Awalokiteswara as Bodhi Satwa help mankind.
3. Maitreya as the savior of the human future.
Pawon Temple is located 1.5 km west of Mendut Temple and 1, 5 km east of Borobudur Temple. This is also a Buddhist temple. Pawon is one of the series Yogyakarta Temples in straight with Borobudur and Mendut. Pawon Temple is not a tomb, but it is a place to store the weapons of King Indera named Vajranala. The art of this temple is a combination of ancient Javanese Hindu and India.
Located 50 meters south of the road Yogya – Solo, the Kalasan temple is located exactly in the Tirtomartani Village, Yogyakarta. Measuring 45m x 45m with a height of 34 m, this Kalasan temple has three parts, the base of a square, the body of temple and temple roof. There should be 52 stupas as high as 4.6 m around the temple, but many of them are damaged and can not be rebuilt. This temple is the oldest Buddhist temple in Yogyakarta, which was built in 778 AD by King Tejahpurna Parapkarana (Kariyana Panangkara), from Syailendra dynasty (dynasty Wangsatikala).
1 km north of Prambanan temple in the village Bugisan, there is a temple, the Plaosan Temple. It was built by Rakai Pikatan as a present for his queen Pramudyawardani. It has a blend of Hindu and Buddhist architecture. This temple consisted of two groups North Plaosan and South Plaosan so often called the twin temples. The Plaosan temple complex has 116 stupas and 50 smaller ancillary temples around it. Its uniqueness is the smooth surface of the terrace. This vast temple complex is 460 m x 290 m.
Located in the north of Prambanan temple, about 18 km east of Yogyakarta. Sewu Temple is a large Buddhist temple complex. The Sewu Temple is a main temple with 248 temples around it. Judging from the large and the number of buildings in the complex, estimated that formerly it was a royal temple and an important religious center of its era. These temples location was close to the Prambanan Temple shows in that time, Buddhism and Hinduism have coexist in peace. It is unknown who built these temples and when it was built, but is expected to be built by Rakai Panangkaran, a great king of Old Mataram in the years 746-784 AD.
Ratu Boko Temple
Ratu Boko Temples is a magnificent building that was built during the reign of Rakai Panangkaran, from Syailendra dynasty. Initially named Abhayagiri Vihara (meaning monastery on a peaceful hill) and built for seclusion and focus on spiritual life. This temple is located at 196 m above sea level and occupies an area of 250,000 m2. The Ratu Boko temples has the Cremation Temple, pool, halls, caves and also the princess complex. Although founded by a Buddhist king, these temples are still showing the characteristics of Hinduism. This shows in that time the religions have coexist in peace. You will feel the peace as well as see the sights of the city of Yogyakarta and Prambanan temple in the background of Mount Merapi.
There are many other Yogyakarta Temples scattered in the area, such as Sari Temple, Sambisari Temple, Banyunibo Temple, Gebang Temple, Kedulan Temple, Barong Temple and others. Also there are many temples discovery buried in the soil. Many of them also lies in ruins. All of the temples indicates a very high culture from the past.
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